Donaldson, Abigail A.; Feldman, Henry A.; O'Donnell, Jennifer M.; Gopalakrishnan, Geetha; Gordon, Catherine M.
CONTEXT: Trabecular bone score (TBS) is a bone assessment tool that offers information beyond that afforded by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) bone mineral density (BMD) measurements. Adolescents with anorexia nervosa (AN) are known to exhibit compromised bone density and skeletal strength. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine TBS among adolescents with AN and evaluate the correlation with anthropometric, clinical and densitometric variables. DESIGN: Areal BMD spinal measures were analyzed for TBS. Findings were compared with clinical (height, weight, body mass index [BMI], age, pubertal development, 25-hydroxyvitamin D) and self-reported data (illness duration, amenorrhea, exercise, fracture, family history of osteoporosis, and antidepressant use), and BMD measures by DXA and peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT). SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: This was an urban adolescent program consisting of 57 females with AN, age 11-18 y. INTERVENTIONS: Interventions included DXA (absolute BMD and Z-score), pQCT (volumetric BMD [vBMD] and stress-strain index [SSI]), laboratory evaluation, and questionnaire administration. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Main outcome measures included TBS, areal and vBMD, SSI, fracture history, disease duration. RESULTS: The TBS of six participants (11%) showed degraded and 19 (33%) partially degraded microarchitecture. Spinal TBS was correlated (P < .05) with age, height, weight, BMI, pubertal stage, BMD, and body composition by DXA, and BMD and SSI by pQCT. TBS was not correlated with disease duration, fracture, vitamin D status, race, or ethnicity, and self-reported health data. CONCLUSIONS: TBS showed evidence of degraded microarchitecture in over 40% of this study sample, and strongly correlated with anthropometric data and measures of BMD and skeletal strength. TBS is a novel tool that captures another dimension of bone health in adolescents with AN.