Calatayud, Maria; Pérez-Olivares Martin, Laura; Soledad Librizzi, Maria; Lora Pablos, David; Gonzalez Mendez, Violeta; Aramendi Ramos, Mercedes; Martinez Diaz-Guerra, Guillermo; Hawkins Federico
Objective: Acromegaly is associated with increased vertebral fracture (VFs) risk not correlated to bone mineral density (BMD). Trabecular bone score (TBS), related to bone microarchitecture, provides information on bone strength. This cross-sectional study considered the usefulness of TBS and BMD to assess bone status in long-term controlled acromegalic patients.
Design, patients, measurements: 26 acromegaly patients (14 female and 12 males) were included in the study. A further 117 subjects were recruited as controls (58 females and 57 males). BMD was measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), TBS was obtained applying Medimaps software 2.0. Biochemical parameters were determined by standardized techniques.
Results: 73% of patients with acromegaly exhibited normal lumbar spine (LS) BMD. TBS was normal in 38% of acromegalic patients and partially degraded or degraded in 31% of patients, respectively. No differences were found in LS BMD between acromegalic patients and controls. TBS values were significantly lower in patients with acromegaly (1.27 ± 0.13 vs. 1.35 ± 0.17, p = .01). Postsurgical remission was associated with higher TBS values (1.35 ± 0.10 vs. 1.23 ± 0.13, p = .02) and pituitary radiotherapy treatment with lower TBS values (1.18 ± 0.12 vs. 1.31 ± 0.12, p = .004). On multivariate analysis, age, BMI and LS BMD were predictors of TBS changes in patients with acromegaly (p < .05). Conclusions: Patients with long-term controlled acromegaly can exhibit deterioration of bone microstructure measured with TBS, despite BMD measurement not showing bone loss. Our study suggests that TBS is useful for monitoring the bone status changes in acromegalic patients.