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Morini E, Portaro S, Leonetti D, De Cola MC, De Luca R, Bonanno M, Quartarone A, Calabrò RS.

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Abstract Note

Background and Objectives: Osteoporosis is a metabolic skeletal disease resulting in low bone mass with increased bone fragility and susceptibility to fractures. May lead to rapid loss of bone mineral density (BMD) due to physical inactivity and reduced muscle contractions. Generally, the diagnosis of osteoporosis is made using dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), by measuring BMD and the trabecular bone score (TBS), which can be useful for detecting bone fragility and susceptibility to fractures. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate, using BMD and TBS, the bone health status in a sample of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) inpatients attending neurorehabilitation. Materials and Methods: Thirty-nine patients were included in the study and underwent electrocardiogram and blood tests, including calcium and parathyroid hormone, as well as vitamin D dosage, and DXA. Results: We found that the TBS of patients with osteoporosis was lower than that of those ALS patients with osteopenia or normal bone status, both in the lumbar spine and femoral neck, although no statistical significance was reached. In addition, Spearman's correlation coefficient indicated a moderate correlation between TBS and lumbar spine BMD (r = -0.34) and a mild correlation between TBS and femoral neck BMD (r = -0.28). Conclusions: This study confirmed the hypothesis that ALS patients may exhibit deteriorated bone health with lower bone density and focused on the possible role of the TBS in the multidisciplinary approach to ALS.


Int J Environ Res Public Health




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