Kanis, J. A.; Cooper, C.; Rizzoli, R.; Reginster, J.-Y.; the Scientific Advisory Board of the European Society for Clinical and Economic Aspects of Osteoporosis and Osteoarthritis (ESCEO) and the Committees of Scientific Advisors and National Societies of the International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF)
A guidance on the assessment and treatment of postmenopausal women at risk from fractures due to osteoporosis was recently published in Osteoporosis International as a joint effort of the International Osteoporosis Foundation and European Society for Clinical and Economic Aspects of Osteoporosis and Osteoarthritis (Kanis et al. Osteoporos Int, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00198-018-4704-5, 2018). This manuscript updates the previous guideline document, published in 2013 (Kanis et al. Osteoporos Int 24:23–57, 2013) and is written from a European perspective. The present article reports and summarizes the main recommendations included in this 2018 guidance document (Fig. 1).