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Yoshida K, Tanabe Y, Nishiyama H, Matsuda T, Toritani H, Kitamura T, Sakai S, Watamori K, Takao M, Kimura E, Kido T.

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Abstract Note

Objectives: We evaluated the feasibility of using deep learning with a convolutional neural network for predicting bone mineral density (BMD) and bone microarchitecture from conventional computed tomography (CT) images acquired by multivendor scanners.

Methods: We enrolled 402 patients who underwent noncontrast CT examinations, including L1-L4 vertebrae, and dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) examination. Among these, 280 patients (3360 sagittal vertebral images), 70 patients (280 sagittal vertebral images), and 52 patients (208 sagittal vertebral images) were assigned to the training data set for deep learning model development, the validation, and the test data set, respectively. Bone mineral density and the trabecular bone score (TBS), an index of bone microarchitecture, were assessed by DXA. BMDDL and TBSDL were predicted by deep learning with a convolutional neural network (ResNet50). Pearson correlation tests assessed the correlation between BMDDL and BMD, and TBSDL and TBS. The diagnostic performance of BMDDL for osteopenia/osteoporosis and that of TBSDL for bone microarchitecture impairment were evaluated using receiver operating characteristic curve analysis.

Results: BMDDL and BMD correlated strongly (r = 0.81, P < 0.01), whereas TBSDL and TBS correlated moderately (r = 0.54, P < 0.01). The sensitivity and specificity of BMDDL for identifying osteopenia or osteoporosis were 93% and 90%, and 100% and 94%, respectively. The sensitivity and specificity of TBSDL for identifying patients with bone microarchitecture impairment were 73% for all values. Conclusions: The BMDDL and TBSDL derived from conventional CT images could identify patients who should undergo DXA, which could be a gatekeeper tool for detecting latent osteoporosis/osteopenia or bone microarchitecture impairment.


J Comput Assist Tomogr




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