Leslie WD, Binkley N, McCloskey EV, Johansson H, Harvey NC, Lorentzon M, Kanis JA, Hans D.
(DXA) images, is a FRAX®-independent risk factor for fracture. The TBS adjustment to FRAX assumes the presence of femoral neck BMD in the calculation. However, there are many individuals in whom hip DXA cannot be acquired. Whether the TBS-adjustment would apply to FRAX probabilities calculated without BMD has not been studied. The current analysis was performed to evaluate major osteoporotic fracture (MOF) and hip fracture risk adjusted for FRAX with and without femoral neck BMD. The study cohort consisted of 71,209 individuals (89.8% female, mean age 64.0 years). During mean follow-up 8.7 years, 6743 (9.5%) individuals sustained one or more incident MOF, of which 2037 (2.9%) sustained a hip fracture. Lower TBS was significantly associated with increased fracture risk when adjusted for FRAX probabilities, with a slightly larger effect when BMD was not included. Inclusion of TBS in the risk calculation gave a small but significant increase in stratification for fracture probabilities estimated with and without BMD. Calibration plots showed very minor deviations from the line of identity, indicating overall good calibration. In conclusion, the existing equations for incorporating TBS in FRAX estimates of fracture probability work similarly when femoral neck BMD is not used in the calculation. This potentially extends the range of situations where TBS can be used clinically to those individuals in whom lumbar spine TBS is available but femoral neck BMD is not available.