Pongchaiyakul C, Theerakulpisut D, Charoenngam N, Rittiphairoj T, Sribenjalak D.
Introduction: Little is known about the normative values of trabecular bone score (TBS) in Thailand. We aimed to provide reference values of dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA)-derived lumbar spine TBS in Thai community-dwelling adults of varying ages.
Methodology: Bone density studies of participants aged 20-90 years who underwent bone mineral density (BMD) testing at Srinagarind Hospital, Kohn Kaen, Thailand were reviewed. DXA studies were performed using a narrow fan-beam bone densitometer. Lumbar spine TBS for each of the L1-L4 vertebra was obtained using the iNsight software. Mean TBS (L1-L4 TBS) was calculated. This study was approved by the institutional research ethics committee (HE581241).
Results: A total of 1372 participants were included. The mean ± SD age was 57.25 ± 17.35 years and 799 (58.2%) were female. There were 476 (34.7%) and 243 (17.7%) participants with osteopenia (T-score -1.0 to -2.5) and osteoporosis (T-score ≤-2.5) of the lumbar spine. Age and sex stratified analysis of L1-L4 TBS revealed peak TBS among females aged 30-49 years (mean ± SD: 1.42 ± 0.08) and males aged 30-59 years (mean ± SD: 1.42 ± 0.09). The rate of L1-L4 TBS reduction from ages 30 to 90 year is 13.4% (0.27%/year) for females and 5.6% (0.11%/year) for males.
Conclusion: This is the first study reporting a normative database for DXA derived TBS in Thai community-dwelling population. We found that TBS decreased with age at the rate of approximately 0.27%/year for females and 0.11%/year for males.