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Leslie WD, Hans D.

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Abstract Note

Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is used for osteoporosis diagnosis, fracture prediction and to monitor changes in bone mineral density (BMD). Change in DXA instrumentation requires formal cross-calibration and procedures have been described by the International Society for Clinical Densitometry. Whether procedures used for BMD cross-calibration are sufficient to ensure lumbar spine trabecular bone score (TBS) cross-calibration is currently uncertain. The Manitoba Bone Density Program underwent a program-wide upgrade in DXA instrumentation from GE Prodigy to iDXA in 2012, and a representative a sample of 108 clinic patients were scanned on both instruments. Lumbar spine TBS (L1-L4) measurements were retrospectively derived in 2013. TBS calibration phantoms were not available at our site when this was performed. We found excellent agreement for lumbar spine BMD, without deviation from the line of perfect agreement, and low random error (standard error of the estimate [SEE] 2.54% of the mean). In contrast, spine TBS (L1-L4) showed significant deviation from the line of identity: TBS(iDXA) = 0.730 x TBS(Prodigy) + 0.372 (p<0.001 for slope and intercept); SEE 5.12% of the mean with negative bias (r=-0.550). Results were worse for scans acquired in thick versus standard mode, but similar when the population was stratified as BMI < or > 35 kg/m2. In summary, it cannot be assumed that just because BMD cross-calibration is good that this applies to TBS. This supports the need for using TBS phantom calibration to accommodate between-scanner differences as part of the manufacturer's TBS software installation.


J Clin Densitom




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