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Muñoz-Torres, Manuel; Córdova, Rossana Manzanares; García-Martín, Antonia; Avilés-Pérez, María Dolores; Serrano, Rafael Nieto; Andújar-Vera, Francisco; García-Fontana, Beatriz

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Abstract Note

Background Patients with primary hyperparathyroidism usually show decreased bone strength that are often not well diagnosed by conventional Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Trabecular Bone Score (TBS) is a new technique for assessing bone microarchitecture indirectly. This cross-sectional study evaluates the usefulness of TBS in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism in clinical practice. Methodology Bone mineral density (BMD) by DXA and TBS values by TBS InSight® software were determined in 72 patients with primary hyperparathyroidism to analyze its relationship with fragility fractures. A receiver operating curve was performed to evaluate the usefulness of TBS as predictor of fragility fractures. FRAX index with and without adjustment by TBS was calculated. Additionally, longitudinal data of a subgroup of patients according to the therapeutic management were also evaluated. Results 51.4% of the patients showed degraded microarchitecture while only 37.5% of them were diagnosed of osteoporosis by DXA. No significant correlation was found between TBS values and BMD parameters. However, TBS values were lower in osteoporotic patients compared to those classified as normal by BMD (1.16±0.12 vs 1.26±0.17, p=0.043) and in patients with fragility fractures compared to non-fractured patients (1.19 ± 0.03 vs 1.24 ± 0.02, p < 0.001). The area under the curve for TBS performed better than the combination of femoral, hip and spine-BMD for prevalent fractures (0.714 vs 0.679). TBS-adjusted FRAX was higher than non-adjusted model for both major osteoporotic and hip fracture (4.5% vs 3%, 0.9% vs 0.7%, p<0.001). At follow-up, an improvement in TBS values was observed in treated patients (medical or surgical) vs non-treated close to significance (1.27±0.10 vs 1.24±0.11, p=0.074). Conclusions TBS could be a useful tool to identify increased fracture risk in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism underdiagnosed by BMD. Moreover, FRAX adjusted by TBS could be a more robust tool for predicting the risk of osteoporotic fracture to help in therapeutic decisions in this population.


Journal of Clinical Densitometry



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