Di Gregorio, S.; Del Rio, L.; Rodriguez-Tolra, J.; Bonel, E.; Garcia, M.; Winzenrieth, R.
PURPOSE: The objective of the study was to assess longitudinal effects of different osteoporosis treatments on TBS and aBMD at lumbar spine. METHOD: We analyzed 390 patients (men: 72, women: 318, age>40 years, mean follow-up of 20 months and BMI<37 kg/m(2)). We stratified the cohort by treatments: Naive of treatment (Naive, n=67), Calcium and Vitamin D (CaVitD, n=87), Testosterone (Te, n=36), Alendronate (AL, n=88), Risedronate (Ri, n=39), Denosumab (Dmb, n=43) and Teriparatide (PTH, n=30). The follow-up changes from baseline were normalized at 24 months. RESULTS: After 24 months, Naive group TBS decreased by 3.1% (p<0.05) whereas a non-significant increase was observed for spine aBMD (Delta=+0.5%). Compared to the Naive group, significant improvement (p<0.05) was observed in both TBS and aBMD for Te, AL, Ri, Dmb and PTH groups and in the CaVitD group for TBS. At the end of the follow-up, significant improvement have been observed for aBMD in Te (+4.4%), AL (+4.1%), Ri (+4.8), D (+8.8%) and PTH (+8.8%) groups. Significant improvement was observed only in the AL (+1.4%), Dmb (+2.8%) and PTH (+3.6%) groups for TBS. CONCLUSION: As expected, TBS of Naive subjects decreased with age. As expected a TBS preservation has been observed under AL and Ri. Te and CaVitD effects on TBS were evaluated for the first time: a similar preservation effect has been observed. A significant TBS increase was observed under Denosumab and PTH. TBS could be a useful tool to monitor treatment effects.