S. Antonini, R. Pedersini, M. F. Birtolo, N. L. Baruch, F. Carrone, S. Jaafar, A. Ciafardini, D. Cosentini, M. Laganà, R. Torrisi, D. Farina, L. Leonardi, L. Balzarini, W. Vena, A. C. Bossi, A. Zambelli, A. G. Lania, A. Berruti & G. Mazziotti
Purpose: Trabecular bone score (TBS) is a gray-level textural metric that has shown to correlate with risk of fractures in several forms of osteoporosis. The value of TBS in predicting fractures and the effects of bone-active drugs on TBS in aromatase inhibitors (AIs)-induced osteoporosis are still largely unknown. The primary objective of this retrospective study was to assess the effects of denosumab and bisphosphonates (BPs) on TBS and vertebral fractures (VFs) in women exposed to AIs.
Methods: 241 consecutive women (median age 58 years) with early breast cancer undergoing treatment with AIs were evaluated for TBS, bone mineral density (BMD) and morphometric VFs at baseline and after 18-24 months of follow-up. During the study period, 139 women (57.7%) received denosumab 60 mg every 6 months, 53 (22.0%) BPs, whereas 49 women (20.3%) were not treated with bone-active drugs.
Results: Denosumab significantly increased TBS values (from 1.270 to 1.323; P < 0.001) accompanied by a significant decrease in risk of VFs (odds ratio 0.282; P = 0.021). During treatment with BPs, TBS did not significantly change (P = 0.849) and incidence of VFs was not significantly different from women untreated with bone-active drugs (P = 0.427). In the whole population, women with incident VFs showed higher decrease in TBS vs. non-fractured women (P = 0.003), without significant differences in changes of BMD at any skeletal site. Conclusions: TBS variation predicts fracture risk in AIs treated women. Denosumab is effective to induce early increase of TBS and reduction in risk of VFs. Keywords: Aromatase inhibitors; Bisphosphonates; Denosumab; Trabecular bone score; Vertebral fractures. © 2023. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Italian Society of Endocrinology (SIE).