Namki Hong, Sungjae Shin, Seunghyun Lee, Yumie Rhee
In this study, romosozumab demonstrated significantly greater improvement in trabecular bone score compared to denosumab therapy in postmenopausal women previously treated with antiresorptive agents. Notably, in patients previously treated with anti-resorptive agents, treatment with romosozumab resulted in similar increases in trabecular bone score compared to that of drug-naïve patients.
Purpose: Romosozumab significantly increases bone mineral density (BMD) and rapidly reduces fracture risk. Whether romosozumab can improve the spinal trabecular bone score (TBS) as a bone quality indicator merits further investigation.
Methods: Data for postmenopausal women starting romosozumab or denosumab treatment at Severance Hospital, Korea, were analyzed. Romosozumab and denosumab groups were 1:1 matched using propensity scores, considering relevant covariates. Good responders were defined as those with TBS improvement of 5.8% or greater.
Results: Overall, 174 patients (romosozumab, n = 87; denosumab, n = 87) were analyzed. Matched groups did not differ in age (64 years), weight, height, previous fracture (38%), lumbar spine or femoral neck BMD (T-score, -3.4 and -2.6, respectively), or prior bisphosphonate or selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) exposure (50%). The romosozumab group exhibited a greater increase in lumbar spine BMD (15.2% vs. 6.9%, p < 0.001) and TBS (3.7% vs. 1.7%, p = 0.013) than the denosumab group. In patients transitioning from bisphosphonate or SERM, romosozumab users showed greater improvement in TBS compared to denosumab users (3.9% versus 0.8%, P = 0.006); the drug-naive group showed no significant difference (3.6% versus 2.7%, P = 0.472). The romosozumab group had a higher proportion of good responders than the denosumab group (33.3% vs. 18.4%, p = 0.024). Romosozumab therapy for 12 months resulted in 3.8-fold higher odds of a good response in TBS than denosumab after covariate adjustment (adjusted odds ratio 3.85, p = 0.002). Conclusion: Romosozumab could improve bone mass and bone quality, measured by TBS, in postmenopausal osteoporosis, particularly as a subsequent regimen in patients previously taking anti-resorptive agents. Keywords: Bone mineral density; Denosumab; Osteoporosis; Postmenopause; Romosozumab; Trabecular bone score. © 2023. International Osteoporosis Foundation and Bone Health and Osteoporosis Foundation.