Chaiho Jeong, Jinyoung Kim, Yejee Lim, Jeonghoon Ha, Moo Il Kang, Ki-Hyun Baek
Background: Romosozumab has shown significant improvement in bone mineral density (BMD) in previously reported trials. However, BMD reflects only bone strength and does not offer insight into the bone microarchitecture. The trabecular bone score (TBS) is a non-invasive tool used to assess bone microarchitecture. Several previous studies have evaluated the efficacy of anti-osteoporotic agents using the TBS. However, data regarding the potency of romosozumab based on the TBS is lacking. This retrospective observational cohort study demonstrated the impact of romosozumab use on the TBS.
Methods: The primary outcome was the percentage change in the TBS from baseline to post-treatment. Postmenopausal osteoporosis patients were followed up for 6 and 12 months after romosozumab (210 mg monthly, N =10) and denosumab (60 mg every 6 months, N=21) or ibandronate (150 mg monthly, N=24) treatments, respectively. Patients who had previously used osteoporosis medications were included, if any the washout period was sufficient.
Results: The percentage change in TBS from baseline to post-treatment was 2.53±2.98% (6 months, N=10; P=0.04), 0.59%±3.26% (12 months, N=21; P=0.48), and -0.45±3.66% (12 months, N=24; P=0.51) in the romosozumab, denosumab, and ibandronate groups, respectively. Romosozumab demonstrated a noticeable increase in TBS, although it did not reach the least significant change (5.8%) in TBS.
Conclusions: Romosozumab improved the TBS in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. TBS may be potentially useful for monitoring romosozumab treatment.