Leith Al-Hashimi, Jens Klotsche, Sarah Ohrndorf, Timo Gaber, Paula Hoff
The trabecular bone score (TBS) can be determined in addition to the Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DXA) for bone mineral density (BMD) measurement to diagnose, evaluate, and stratify bone loss and decide on appropriate treatment in patients at risk. Especially in patients with secondary osteoporosis, TBS detects restricted bone quality. To investigate the influence of an additional evaluation of TBS on patients' treatment strategy decisions, we enrolled 292 patients, with a high proportion of patients with secondary osteoporosis, from one outpatient unit over one year. Patients eligible for BMD measurement had the option to opt-in for TBS measurement. We analyzed demographic data, leading diagnoses, bone metabolism parameters, and results of BMD and TBS measurements. More than 90% of patients consented to TBS measurement. TBS measurement influenced the decision in approximately 40% of patients with a treatment indication for anti-osteoporotic drugs. We demonstrate that depending on the underlying disease/risk spectrum, 21-25.5% of patients had an unremarkable BMD measurement with poor bone quality shown in the TBS measurement. In patients with secondary osteoporosis, the use of TBS supplementary to DXA seems useful to better assess fracture risk and, thus, to initiate therapy for osteoporosis in these patients in time.