Kim, Eun Heui; Jeon, Yun Kyung; Pak, Kyoungjune; Kang, Taewoo; Kim Kyung-Eun; Kim, Seong-Jang; Kim, In-Joo; Kim, Keunyoung
The purpose of this study was to compare the changes in DXA values including trabecular bone score (TBS) and bone mineral density (BMD) of lumbar spine (LS) and femur according to the hormone therapies including tamoxifen (TMXF) treatment with or without gonadotropin releasing hormone analog (GnRH analog) in women with breast cancer. We enrolled 119 women with breast cancer who had undergone breast-conserving surgery or mastectomy followed by TMXF treatment for postmenopausal women (TMXF group, n = 63, 52.9%) or by combination therapy of TMXF combined with GnRH analog for premenopausal women (TMXF + GnRH group, n = 56, 47.1%) from December 2013 to December 2017. The median follow-up period was 13 months (interquartile range [IQR], 12.0-14.75) for TMXF group and 13.5 months (IQR, 12.00-16.00) for TMXF + GnRH group, respectively. Patients did not receive bone-modifying therapy. The baseline dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scan before breast cancer surgery and follow-up DXA during hormone therapy. Comparing the first and follow-up DXA results, BMD in LS were significantly decreased in both TMXF (P < 0.001, mean difference: - 0.06) and TMXF + GnRH (P < 0.001, mean difference: - 0.09) groups. BMD values of femoral neck (P = 0.0011, mean difference: - 0.01) and total femur (P < 0.001, mean difference: - 0.03) was significantly changed between the baseline and follow-up DXA in TMXF + RnRH group. In the TMX group, a significant changed occurred in the BMD in total femur (P < 0.001, mean difference: - 0.030) but not the BMD of femoral neck (P = 0.095, mean difference: - 0.007). Regarding TBS, no significant change was found in the TMXF (P = 0.574, mean difference: - 0.004) group, whereas there was a significant decrease in TBS in the TMXF + GnRH (P < 0.001, mean difference: - 0.02) group during follow-up. TBS is more sensitive in reflecting the bone microarchitecture changes by TMXF or GnRH agonist in breast cancer patients than BMD. This finding demonstrates that TBS can be a useful parameter to detect bone microarchitectural changes in clinical applications.