Khatiwada S, Agarwal S, Kandasamy D, Kumar R, Jyotsna VP, Tandon N.
Context: Pheochromocytomas/paragangliomas (PPGLs) have recently been shown to be associated with lower bone mineral density (BMD) and trabecular bone score as compared to healthy controls suggesting low bone mineral concentration and disrupted bone microarchitecture. There is paucity of data on prevalence and clinical predictors of low BMD/osteoporosis in PPGL from India and the extent of change in BMD post-operatively.
Aims: This study aimed to find prevalence of low BMD/osteoporosis and trabecular bone score (TBS)-adjusted FRAX score in subjects with PPGL and to see the post-operative change in BMD and TBS at follow-up.
Material and methods: 32 consecutively diagnosed adult cases with PPGL were enrolled. Although the provisional diagnosis of PPGL was made based on imaging consistent with PPGL supported by biochemical evidence of catecholamine excess, its confirmation was made histopathologically before final analysis.
Results: We found significantly low average BMD T-score/Z-score at spine, hip or wrist. Osteoporosis was evident in 87.5% of subjects (nine of 11 post-menopausal women or men >50 years of age) and BMD below the expected range for age in 42.9% of subjects (nine of 21 pre-menopausal women or men <50 years of age) by International Society for Clinical Densitometry criteria. Conclusions: 87% of older subjects with PPGL had osteoporosis while 43% of younger subjects had BMD below expected range for age (Z-score ≤-2.0), more at lumbar spine than at hip. Decreased body weight was associated with osteoporosis in older or Z-score ≤-2.0 in younger subjects. There was no significant change in BMD and TBS scores at a median of four months post-operatively.